Concept and Objectives of Technopark

Konsep dan Tujuan Solo TechnoparkTechnopark is one form of container to connect higher education institutions with the industrial world. Definition of Technopark or Sciencepark is an integrated area that combines the industry, universities, research centers and training, entrepreneurship, banking, central and local governments in a location that allows the flow of information and technology more efficiently and quickly.

Technopark has several facilities, among others, business incubators, angel capital, seed capital, venture capital.

Stakeholders of a technopark is usually a government (usually government), a community of researchers (academic), the business and financial community.

Stakeholders work together to integrate the use and utilization of commercial buildings, research facilities, conference center, and hotel.

For local government, techno park create jobs and generate income. For workers whose income is high enough, technopark has appeal because of the situation, location and lifestyle.

The Purpose of Technopark Region

The purpose of Technopark is to create a permanent link between universities (academics), industry / business / financial, and government.

Technopark tries to combine between ideas, innovation, and know-how from the academic world and the financial ability (and marketing) of the business world. Expected from this merger, can improve and speed up product development and reduce the time required to move innovations into marketable products, with the hope to obtain a high economic return.

The existence of technopark create permanent links between universities and industry, resulting in clustering and critical mass of researchers and companies. This makes the company become stronger.

The Triple Helix Model of Innovation

The Triple-Helix model of innovation introduced by Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff. This model emphasizes the role and the close relationship between the three actors, namely the government, industry and university (academic) or known ABG. University (academics) can become a leader of innovation in the knowledge-based economy, while the NIS (National Innovation System) emphasized the importance of the role of the company in innovation. Rearrangement of the relationship ABG in Triple-Helix is the result of communication and expectations on the level of networking (Etzkowitz and Leydersdorff, 2000).

Relationship that appears in the Triple Helix, generally stems from efforts to solve problems and generate strategies when faced with the problem of innovation, rather than determined from a certain pattern. Through this interaction process there will be a change of actors and roles that they do (Leydersdorff, 2000) .With this, the triple-helix pattern of innovation is dynamic over time change.

Triple Helix model is not a new concept in support of innovation in information and communication technology (ICT). Several studies (Brouwers, van Duivenboden and Thaens, 2009; La Paz and Seo, 2009). Brouwers, van Duivenboden and Thaens (2009) focus on the role of government in ICT innovation at the regional level. Governments often run its traditional role in building the Triple Helix, namely the allocation of investment, which should also include the value of the content of projects and programs that facilitated financially. La Paz and Seo (2009) takes into account the different roles played by actor ABG at the macro level.

The study of La Paz and Seo (2009) have discovered that there are four roles are played by actors of innovation, such as:

  1. Detecting the needs and solutions to the government, academia and industry;
  2. Development, production and commercialization by governments and industry;
  3. Learning ICT by industry and academic;
  4. The creation of markets and regulation, both by government and the ICT industry.


The Triple Helix Model of Innovation

Zone Concept-Based Technology

Technology-based region is the region's economic development dimension to the center of science and technology (science and technology) that support the acceleration of innovation.

This technology-based regional development relied upon as a driving force for regional development.

Technology-based region is expected to be the center and driving force for economic growth in the surrounding area and be able to compete at home and abroad.

The ability to compete is born through the development of superior products competitive in domestic and global markets, which supported human resources (HR) superior, research and technology, information, and marketing advantages.

The government needs to encourage and support the creation and structuring of technology-based region in the areas of superior products based on their respective areas.

Solo Techno Park Region as Integrated Area-Based Science

Area Development Solo Techno Park as the implementation of Law 18 of 2002

In order to facilitate synergy and growth as well as the interaction of science and technology as well as the institutional elements of science and technology demonstration centers that can foster a love of science and technology and culture, then in 2007 the Government of Surakarta start building Solo Technopark area.

In promoting growth and synergies institutional elements, resources, and networks of science and technology in the city of Solo, Surakarta City Government realized that the existing system of science and technology in the city of Surakarta is an integral part of the National System of Research, Development, and Application of Science and Technology.

Strategic policy development in the area of science and technology necessary for all interested parties can understand the direction, priorities, and government policy in the field of science and technology.


Solo Technopark Region Master Plan

Masterplan Kawasan Solo Technopark

  1. Main Entrance
  2. Park & Sculpture
  3. Main Access Road
  4. Bridge
  5. Main Building (Sky Tower)
  6. Industrial Building
  7. Solo Trade & Expo Center Building
  8. Underwater Wet Welding Pool Building
  9. Research dan Development Building
  10. Teaching Factory Building
  11. Science Demonstration Building
  12. Industrial Building


  • Black label (A, C, D, E,F, K, L), indicates building that has not been build yet;
  • Red label (B dan G), partially built/ un-finished;
  • Green label (H, I, J): already has the existing physical building unit.

Regulation Number 6/2007 establishes that Solo Techno Park area is of 7.15 ha (hectare), then in 2013 proposed to increase to around 8 to 9 ha.


Solo Technopark Region consists of 3 Main Zones

Zona Kawasan Solo Technopark

Non-Profit and Profit Sphere in the Solo Techno Park Area

Ranah Profit dan Non Profit Kawasan Solo Technopark

Infrastructure and Activities in the Area Solo Techno Park

The entire infrastructure to be built since 2007, a new phase now completed about 30%.

Since 2009-2013, service activities focus on Zone-1: Zone Training and Incubation.

Since 2009-2013, the activities for Zone-2: Research & Development (R & D), can not be implemented, but the plan will be linked to the development zone of Information Technology (IT) in 2013, there probing with BPPT IPTEKnet Hall for future development of IT concepts.

In 2013, activities for Zone-3: Industry and Trade; already initiated cooperation with the company for the manufacture of prototype machines Binterjet Digital Printing. While Solo Building Trade & Expo Center, has built the foundation and floor structure 1.

Organizational Structure of PPK BLUD Solo Technopark

Struktur Organisasi PPK BLUD Solo Technopark


Financial Management Pattern of Regional Public Service Board (PPK-BLUD) UPTB Solo Technopark

Public Service Board (BLUD) is a regional work units or Work Unit at the regional work units within local government that was formed to provide services to the community in the form of the provision of goods and / or services sold without priority for profit, and in doing activities based on the principles of efficiency and productivity.

Financial Management Pattern BLUD, (PPK-BLUD) is a pattern of financial management which provides flexibility in the form of flexibility to implement business practices that are healthy for improving services to the community in order to promote the general welfare and the intellectual life of the nation, as an exception to the provision of financial management in generally.

The Benefits of Being a KDP-BLUD

Regional work units were formed to provide service to the community has the potential to earn significant rewards associated with the services provided, as well as from the budget (budget).

Work units deriving income from public service can significantly given the flexibility in managing resources to improve the service provided. This is an attempt lawyer-agenan activity that should not be done by purely bureaucratic institutions, but by a local government agency that administered "in the business", so that the provision of public services to become more efficient and effective is to apply the Financial Management Pattern BLUD.

Regional work units that implement the Financial Management Pattern BLUD has the following benefits:

  • Can be used to imporeve local government agencies services to the public in order to promote the general welfare and national life.
  • Local government agencies can gain flexibility in financial management based on the principles of economic and productivity by implementing sound business practices.
  • Security can be performed on state assets managed by the relevant agencies.


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Solo Techno Park (STP) area is officially under the management of the local city Government of Surakarta.